The park stretches along the Tyrrhenian coastline from Viareggio to Livorno (Leghorn) and covers appoximately 23.000 hectars. It includes san Rossore estate, Tombolo estate and Coltano and Vecchiano farmland, Borbone state and Lucca bush land, Massaciuccoli lake and marshland. At first sight, the Park is immense woodland of stone-pines (Pinus pinea) which are typical of the Tuscan coastline.
Inside the Park there is a great variety of natural settings ranging from dunes to sandy shores and from hygrophilous forests to marshlands.
Water, which is the prevailing element in the Park, is the real key to comprehension of the area: bogs, ponds, ditches, swamps and channels interlace the woods of deciduos and Mediterranean trees, creating a magnificent variety of habitats which, in turn, attract an aboundance of different species of animals.
Wild birds are plentiful: Lake Massaciuccoli hosts over 200 species of permanent, migratory and nesting birds, such as herons, egrets, wild ducks, moor buzzards and stilt-plovers. The fauna resident in the Pak includes great quantities of fallow deer and wild boars, particularly in San Rossore and Tombolo, as well as other mammals such the fox, hedgehog, dormhouse, badger and squirrel.
The flora to be found in the Park is particularly interesting and includes many rare botanical species like the sun-dev (a small carnivorous plant), the periploca (an extremely rare liana), the marsh orchid, the pink hibiscus and the royal or Florida fern.
Visiting the Park
The best way to get to know the Park is to take advantage of the guided torus organised by the Regional Board for the Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli Parls (guides are complusory for visiting the President of the Republic’s estate at San Rossore and for the Salviati estate of Migliarino).
San Rossore Estate is open to the public on Sundays ad on national holidays. Guided tours may be chosen from walks, bicicle rides, horse-treks, excursions in horse-driven carriages and in buses on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays and Sundays.
The types of visits organised include nature trails, tours combining education and leisure and excursions aimed at the survey of historical and architectural emergencies occurring on the estate.
Image from www.parks.it
Ente Parco Regionale Migliarino San rossore Massacicuccoli
via Aurelia Nord, 4 Pisa
http://www.parcosanrossore.org (in italian)
for visit phone +39 050 530101 +39 050 523019
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